In our solar system all planets, dwarf planets, asteroids, comets travel around the sun in an elliptical orbit. While orbiting, these objects do not have a fixed distance from the sun. Sometimes they reach closer and sometimes they are comparatively farther from the sun.
A point in the orbit path where a planetary object is closest/nearest to their sun is called perihelion. Whereas the farthest point of the planetary object from the sun is called aphelion.
For example, when the “planet A” reaches at point X in the orbit of the “Star B” is the perihelion. Whereas when this “planet A” reaches in the orbital path of “star B” at point Y is called aphelion. Here distance Y is greater than distance X from the Star.
In this article of Planets Education, we have mentioned the closest and farthest distance of each planet from the sun. So the closest or minimum distance is known as perihelion and the farthest or maximum distance is called the aphelion.
The distance of each planet from the sun
An astronomical unit (AU) is the unit of length that scientists use to measure the planetary distance in our solar system. One AU is the distance between the earth and the sun, which is nearly 150 million km (93 million miles). The exact value of the 1 AU is 149597870700 m and it is the approximate average distance from the earth to the sun.
Here we have given the distance of planets from the sun in three different units of the length, 1. Kilometers, 2. Miles, 3. Astronomical Unit (AU).
Mercury distance from the sun
Closest/perihelion/minimum= 46,001,009 km (28,583,702 miles) (0.307 AU)
Farthest/aphelion/maximum= 69,817,445 km (43,382,549 miles) (0.466 AU)
Average distance of the mercury from the sun= 57,909,050 km (35,978,892 miles) (0.387 AU)
Venus distance from the sun
Closest/perihelion/minimum= 107,476,170 km (66,782,600 miles) (0.718 AU)
Farthest/aphelion/maximum= 108,942,780 km (67,693,910 miles) (0.728 AU)
Average distance of the venus from the sun= 108,208,000 km (67,229,630 miles) (0.722 AU)
Earth distance from the sun
Closest/perihelion/minimum= 147,098,291 km (91,402,640 miles) (0.98 AU)
Farthest/aphelion/maximum= 152,098,233 km (94,509,460 miles) (1.1 AU)
Average distance of the earth from the sun= 149,598,023 km (92,955,902 miles) (1 AU)
Mars distance from the sun
Closest/perihelion/minimum= 206,655,215 km (128,409,597 miles) (1.38 AU)
Farthest/aphelion/maximum= 249,232,432 km (154,865,853 miles) (1.66 AU)
Average distance of the mars from the sun= 227,939,200 km (141,634,900 miles) (1.52 AU)
Jupiter distance from the sun
Closest/perihelion/minimum= 740,679,835 km (460,237,112 miles) (4.95 AU)
Farthest/aphelion/maximum= 816,001,807 km (507,040,016 miles) (5.46 AU)
Average distance of the Jupiter from the sun= 778,570,000 km (483,725,541 miles) (5.20 AU)
Saturn distance from the sun
Closest/perihelion/minimum= 1,349,823,615 km (838,741,509 miles) (9.05 AU)
Farthest/aphelion/maximum= 1,503,509,229 km (934,237,322 miles) (10.12 AU)
Average distance of the Saturn from the sun= 1,433,530,000 km (890,652,189 miles) (9.58 AU)
Uranus distance from the sun
Closest/perihelion/minimum= 2,734,998,229 km (1,699,449,110 miles) (18.40 AU)
Farthest/aphelion/maximum= 3,006,318,143 km (1,868,039,489 miles) (20.10 AU)
Average distance of the Uranus from the sun= 2,873,550,000 km (1,785,336615 miles) (19.20 AU)
Neptune distance from the sun
Closest/perihelion/minimum= 4,459,753,056 km (2,771,162,073 miles) (29.80 AU)
Farthest/aphelion/maximum= 4,537,039,826 km (2,819,185,846 miles) (30.40 AU)
Average distance of the Neptune from the sun= 4,501,000,000 km (2,796,471,300 miles) (30.10 AU)
Pluto distance from the sun
Closest/perihelion/minimum= 4,436,756,954 km (2,756,872,958 miles) (29.70 AU)
Farthest/aphelion/maximum= 7,376,124,302 km (4,583,311,152 miles) (49.30 AU)
Average distance of the pluto from the sun= 5,945,900,000 km (3,694,187,670 miles) (39.50 AU)
Pluto used to be the 9th planet of our solar system. Now it is a dwarf planet since 2006. It is the largest dwarf planet in our solar system, located in the Kuiper belt region. Read here about the facts and information about dwarf planet pluto. Pluto facts and information: Dwarf planet pluto
These were the 8 planets of our solar system and their closest and farthest distance from the sun. Also, the average/mean distance of each planet from the sun is given including dwarf planet pluto.
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Check here about every planet:-
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- 14 Neptune Moons: Names, Number, and List
- Ganymede Moon: Largest Moon of Jupiter